Strona główna > Numer 15/2018 > International migration of Hungarian and Polish workers in the context of European integration

International migration of Hungarian and Polish workers in the context of European integration

Sylwia Kurszewska
Andrzej Stępniak
Ośrodek Badań Integracji Europejskiej
Uniwersytet Gdański

The fifth enlargement in 2004, from 15 to 25 countries, was the biggest in the Union’s history. The European Union currently consists of 28 Member States. One of them started the process of exit from the EU and is due to leave the EU at the end of March 2019. Free movement of workers is one of the reason. Time when 10 countries will celebrate the fifteenth anniversary of their accession to the UE and one country leave it after 46 years, may be a good time for confrontation with the media message about this topic and diligent research on the short-term and long-term effects of labour migration. There are different views on the free movement of people from the EU. Europeans generally see this freedom as one of the most positive results of the EU, however there are countries with more positive results of labor migration and some where it is seen rather like a problem than an opportunity. Hungarians and Poles – depended on their resourcefulness, ingenuity and spirit of enterprise – benefit from being a part of developed single market. Experiences of both countires are different due to many factors. The same with the UK and other UE member states. However, the EU has now faced a serious problem of the immigration from outside Europe. Opinions of members states are highly divided about this topic.

Keywords:EU-28, migration, Brexit

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26881/sim.2018.15.09